台灣可以幫助北韓
 
 
一、近代史上的悲劇。韓國屢遭周邊列強中國、日本、俄羅斯,戰後的美國(從朝鮮民族主義而觀)輪番欺凌,造成獨特「恨的文化」之社會集體意識,「恨」亦為韓國人與社會進步的動力。

1.Tragedies in Recent History. Subjected to the oppression ( from the standpoint of Korean nationalism ) of surrounding powers such as China, Japan, Russia, and the post-war United States, creating a specific “culture of hatred” for the collective social consciousness. “Hate” became the momentum to progress for the Koreans and the society at large.

二、兩極化的性格。非黑即白,沒有灰色的「中庸之道」。自尊心超強而形成「面子文化」,非常痛恨被別人看不起;但又有著極端的自卑感,因而形成對列強的「事大主義」。

2.Polarized personality. Under which everything is clearly divided between black and white without any “gray area” or “middle way” philosophy. Strong sense of pride created a “face culture” in which one hates being looked down by others while at the same time feeling an extreme low sense of self-esteem, creating a feeling of “kowtowism” ( or submission to the stronger ) toward the super powers.

三、給予足夠的「面子」。美國應先給予「正式外交承認」,再陸續談判核武與其他武器擴散議題。對北韓而言,面子會更重於實質經援與戰爭賠償(像一九七二年「尼克森震撼」一樣,美國先給足毛澤東面子)。

3.Always give “sufficient face” first, meaning the US to first give official diplomatic recognition, before moving onto issues such as nuclear weapons and weapon proliferations. To the North Korea, face is more important than the substantive economic aids and war compensation ( example, the “Nixon shock” of 1972, the US first gave Mao Zedong enough face.)

四、台灣可以扮演中介者角色。過去半個世紀「非戰非和」、沒有交往的關係,讓雙方可以有「全新」的開始;而且,北韓對台灣的發展經驗充滿好感。他們不僅想「經濟學台灣」,還想「政治學蔣家」,想要瞭解台灣如何政權父子世襲,還能夠保持政經安定。這是我在1991年訪問北韓時所體會到的。

由於台灣在周邊國家當中,最讓北韓具有好感,遭到北韓排斥的可能性最小,所以如何利用台灣的這一優勢,值得美國與中國認真思考。例如,有些美、中、日、南韓不方便做的事,可以利用台灣當「中介的白手套」,如此可讓北韓的反感與副作用降到最低。

4.Taiwan can play the role of intermediary. In the past one-half century, between Taiwan and North Korea, there had been neither “peace” nor “war” or any exchanges. So, the two sides can have a “brand new” beginning. Moreover, North Korea is very curious about Taiwan's development experience. They want to learn from Taiwan not only in terms of the economy but also politics. With respect to the latter, they want to understand how political power was succeeded from father, Chiang Kai-shek, by his son, Chiang Ching-kuo, while maintaining political and economic stability of the country. This is something I came to realize while visiting North Korea in 1991.

Among all the surrounding countries, Taiwan is the one country toward which North Korea feels the most goodwill and less likely to be repelled by North Korea. So, how to utilize this advantage of Taiwan is an issue worthy of serious ponderance by both China and the US. For example, the US, China, Japan, and South Korea may not be at liberty to some certain things, they can utilize Taiwan as its “intermediary white gloves.” Doing so can minimize the resentment and side effects in North Korea.